William Shakespeare's Othello is the tale of the green-eyed monster.
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Othello, the Moor of Venice

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Act V. Scene II.

Scene II.—A Bedchamber in the Castle. DES-
DEMONA in bed asleep. A light burning.


Oth. It is the cause, it is the cause, my soul;
Let me not name it to you, you chaste stars!
It is the cause. Yet I'll not shed her blood,
Nor scar that whiter skin of hers than snow,
And smooth as monumental alabaster.
Yet she must die, else she'll betray more men.
Put out the light, and then put out the light:
If I quench thee, thou flaming minister,
I can again thy former light restore,
Should I repent me; but once put out thy light,
Thou cunning'st pattern of excelling nature,
I know not where is that Promethean heat
That can thy light relume. When I have pluck'd
the rose,
I cannot give it vital growth again,
It needs must wither: I'll smell it on the tree.
[Kisses her.
O balmy breath, that dost almost persuade
Justice to break her sword! One more, one more.
Be thus when thou art dead, and I will kill thee,
And love thee after. One more, and this the
So sweet was ne'er so fatal. I must weep,
But they are cruel tears; this sorrow's heavenly,
It strikes where it doth love. She wakes.
Des. Who's there? Othello?
Oth. Ay, Desdemona.
Des. Will you come to bed, my lord?
Oth. Have you pray'd to-night, Desdemona?
Des. Ay, my lord.
Oth. If you bethink yourself of any crime
Unreconcil'd as yet to heaven and grace,
Solicit for it straight.
Des. Alas! my lord, what may you mean by
Oth. Well, do it, and be brief; I will walk by:
I would not kill thy unprepared spirit;
No; heaven forfend! I would not kill thy soul.
Des. Talk you of killing?
Oth. Ay, I do.
Des. Then heaven
Have mercy on me!
Oth. Amen! with all my heart.
Des. If you say so, I hope you will not kill
Oth. Hum!
Des. And yet I fear you; for you are fatal
When your eyes roll so. Why I should fear I
know not,
Since guiltiness I know not; but yet I feel I fear.
Oth. Think on thy sins.
Des. They are loves I bear to you.
Oth. Ay, and for that thou diest.
Des. That death's unnatural that kills for
Alas! why gnaw you so your nether lip?
Some bloody passion shakes your very frame;
These are portents, but yet, I hope, I hope
They do not point on me.
Oth. Peace, and be still!
Des. I will so. What's the matter?
Oth. That handkerchief which I so lov'd and
gave thee
Thou gav'st to Cassio.
Des. No, by my life and soul!
Send for the man and ask him.
Oth. Sweet soul, take heed,
Take heed of perjury; thou'rt on thy death-bed.
Des. Ay, but not yet to die.
Oth. Yes, presently;
Therefore confess thee freely of thy sin;
For to deny each article with oath
Cannot remove nor choke the strong conception
That I do groan withal. Thou art to die.
Des. Then Lord have mercy on me!
Oth. I say, amen.
Des. And have you mercy too! I never did
Offend you in my life; never lov'd Cassio
But with such general warranty of heaven
As I might love; I never gave him token.
Oth. By heaven, I saw my handkerchief in 's
O perjur'd woman! thou dost stone my heart,
And mak'st me call what I intend to do
A murder, which I thought a sacrifice:
I saw the handkerchief.
Des. He found it then;
I never gave it him. Send for him hither;
Let him confess a truth.
Oth. He hath confess'd.
Des. What, my lord?
Oth. That he hath us'd thee.
Des. How? unlawfully?
Oth. Ay.
Des. He will not say so.
Oth. No; his mouth is stopped:
Honest Iago hath ta'en order for't
Des. O! my fear interprets. What! is he
Oth. Had all his hairs been lives, my great
Had stomach for them all.
Des. Alas! he is betray'd and I undone.
Oth. Out, strumpet! Weep'st thou for him to
my face?
Des. O! banish me, my lord, but kill me not!
Oth. Down, strumpet!
Des. Kill me to-morrow; let me live to-night!
Oth. Nay, if you strive,—
Des. But half an hour!
Oth. Being done, there is no pause.
Des. But while I say one prayer!
Oth. It is too late. [He smothers her.
Emil. [Within.] My lord, my lord! what, ho!
my lord, my lord!
Oth. What noise is this? Not dead? not yet
quite dead?
I that am cruel am yet merciful;
I would not have thee linger in thy pain.
So, so.
Emil. [ Within.] What, ho! my lord, my lord!
Oth. Who's there?
Emil. [Within.] O! good my lord, I would
speak a word with you!
Oth. Yes; 'tis Emilia: by and by. She's dead.
'Tis like she comes to speak of Cassio's death;
The noise was high. Ha! no more moving?
Still as the grave. Shall she come in? Were 't
I think she stirs again: no. What's best to do?
If she come in she'll sure speak to my wife:
My wife! my wife! what wife? I have no wife:
O, insupportable! O heavy hour!
Methinks it should be now a huge eclipse
Of sun and moon, and that the affrighted globe
Should yawn at alteration.
Emil. [ Within.] I do beseech you
That I may speak with you, O! good my lord.
Oth. I had forgot thee: O! come in, Emilia:
Soft, by and by: let me the curtains draw.
Where art thou? [Unlocks the door.

What's the matter with thee now?
Emil. O! my good lord, yonder's foul mur-
der done.
Oth. What! now?
Emil. But now, my lord.
Oth. It is the very error of the moon;
She comes more near the earth than she was
And makes men mad.
Emil. Cassio, my lord, has kill'd a young
Call'd Roderigo.
Oth. Roderigo kill'd!
And Cassio kill'd?
Emil. No, Cassio is not kill'd.
Oth. Not Cassio kill'd! then murder's out of
And sweet revenge grows harsh.
Des. O! falsely, falsely murder'd.
Emil. Alas! what cry is that?
Oth. That! what?
Emil. Out, and alas! that was my lady's
Help! Help, ho! help! O lady, speak again!
Sweet Desdemona! O! sweet mistress, speak.
Des. A guiltless death I die.
Emil. O! who hath done this deed?
Des. Nobody; I myself; farewell:
Commend me to my kind lord. O! farewell!
Oth. Why, how should she be murder'd?
Emil. Alas! who knows?
Oth. You heard her say herself it was not I.
Emil. She said so; I must needs report the
Oth. She's like a liar gone to burning hell;
'Twas I that kill'd her.
Emil. O! the more angel she,
And you the blacker devil.
Oth. She turn'd to folly, and she was a whore.
Emil. Thou dost belie her, and thou art a
Oth. She was false as water.
Emil. Thou art rash as fire to say
That she was false: O! she was heavenly true.
Oth. Cassio did tup her; ask thy husband
O! I were damn'd beneath all depth in hell
But that I did proceed upon just grounds
To this extremity. Thy husband knew it all.
Emil. My husband!
Oth. Thy husband.
Emil. That she was false to wedlock?
Oth. Ay, with Cassio. Nay, had she been
If heaven would make me such another world
Of one entire and perfect chrysolite,
I'd not have sold her for it.
Emil. My husband!
Oth. Ay, 'twas he that told me first:
An honest man he is, and hates the slime
That sticks on filthy deeds.
Emil. My husband!
Oth. What needs this iterance, woman? I
say thy husband.
Emil. O mistress! villany hath made mocks
with love.
My husband say that she was false!
Oth. He, woman;
I say, thy husband: dost understand the word?
My friend, thy husband, honest, honest Iago.
Emil. If he say so, may his pernicious soul
Rot half a grain a day! he lies to the heart:
She was too fond of her most filthy bargain.
Oth. Ha!
Emil. Do thy worst:
This deed of thine is no more worthy heaven
Than thou wast worthy her.
Oth. Peace! you were best.
Emil. Thou hast not half the power to do me
As I have to be hurt. O gull! O dolt!
As ignorant as dirt! thou hast done a deed,—
I care not for thy sword; I'll make thee known,
Though I lost twenty lives. Help! help, ho!
help! 164
The Moor has kill'd my mistress! Murder!

Enter MONTANO, GRATIANO, IAGO, and Others.
Mon. What is the matter? How now, gene-
Emil. O! are you come, Iago? you have
done well,
That men must lay their murders on your neek.
Gra. What is the matter?
Emil. Disprove this villain if thou be'st a
He says thou told'st him that his wife was false.
I know thou didst not, thou'rt not such a villain.
Speak, for my heart is full.
Iago. I told him what I thought, and told no
Than what he found himself was apt and true.
Emil. But did you ever tell him she was
Iago. I did.
Emil. You told a lie, an odious damned lie;
Upon my soul, a lie, a wicked lie.
She false with Cassio! Did you say with Cassio?
Iago. With Cassio, mistress. Go to, charm
your tongue.
Emil. I will not charm my tongue; I am
bound to speak.
My mistress here lies murder'd in her bed.
All. O heavens forfend!
Emil. And your reports have set the murder
Oth. Nay, stare not, masters; it is true, in-
Gra. 'Tis a strange truth.
Mon. O monstrous act!
Emil. Villany! villany! villany!
I think upon't, I think, I smell 't; O villany!
I thought so then; I'll kill myself for grief.
O! villany, villany!
Iago. What! are you mad? I charge you,
get you home.
Emil. Good gentlemen, let me have leave to
'Tis proper I obey him, but not now.
Perchance, Iago, I will ne'er go home.
Oth. O! O! O! [Falls on the bed.
Emil. Nay, lay thee down and roar,
For thou hast kill'd the sweetest innocent
That e'er did lift up eye.
Oth. O! she was foul.
I scarce did know you, uncle. There lies your
Whose breath, indeed, these hands have newly
I know this act shows terrible and grim.
Gra. Poor Desdemona! I am glad thy
father's dead.
Thy match was mortal to him, and pure grief
Shore his old thread in twain: did he live now,
This sight would make him do a desperate turn,
Yea, curse his better angel from his side,
And fall to reprobation.
Oth. 'Tis pitiful; but yet Iago knows
That she with Cassio hath the act of shame
A thousand times committed; Cassio confess'd
And she did gratify his amorous works
With that recognizance and pledge of love
Which I first gave her. I saw it in his hand:
It was a handkerchief, an antique token
My father gave my mother.
Emil. O heaven! O heavenly powers!
Iago. Come, hold your peace.
Emil. 'Twill out, 'twill out; I hold my peace,
sir? no;
No, I will speak as liberal as the north;
Let heaven and men and devils, let them all,
All, all, cry shame against me, yet I'll speak.
Iago. Be wise, and get you home.
Emil. I will not.
[IAGO offers to stab EMILIA.
Gra. Fie!
Your sword upon a woman?
Emil. O thou dull Moor! that handkerchief
thou speak'st of
I found by fortune and did give my husband;
For often, with a solemn earnestness,
More than, indeed, belonged to such a trifle,
He begg'd of me to steal it.
Iago. Villanous whore!
Emil. She give it Cassio! no, alas! I found
And I did give't my husband.
Iago. Filth, thou liest!
Emil. By heaven, I do not, I do not, gentle-
O murderous coxcomb! what should such a fool
Do with so good a wife?
Oth. Are there no stones in heaven
But what serve for the thunder? Precious vil-
lain! [He runs at IAGO. IAGO stabs
EMILIA, and exit.
Gra. The woman falls: sure, he has kill'd his
Emil. Ay, ay; O! lay me by my mistress'
Gra. He's gone; but his wife's kill'd.
Mon. 'Tis a notorious villain. Take you this
Which I have here recover'd from the Moor.
Come, guard the door without; let him not pass,
But kill him rather. I'll after that same villain,
For 'tis a damned slave.
Oth. I am not valiant neither,
But every puny whipster gets my sword.
But why should honour outhve honesty?
Let it go all.
Emil. What did thy song bode, lady?
Hark, canst thou hear me? I will play the swan,
And die in music:—
Willow, willow, willow.
Moor, she was chaste; she lov'd thee, cruel
So come my soul to bliss as I speak true;
So speaking as I think, I die, I die. [Dies.
Oth. I have another weapon in this chamber;
It is a sword of Spain, the ice-brook's temper.
O! here it is. Uncle, I must come forth.
Gra. [ Within.] If thou attempt it, it will cost
thee dear:
Thou hast no weapon, and perforce must suffer.
Oth. Look in upon me then, and speak with
Or, naked as I am, I will assault thee.

Re-enter GRATIANO.
Gra. What is the matter?
Oth. Behold! I have a weapon;
A better never did itself sustain
Upon a soldier's thigh: I have seen the day,
That with this little arm, and this good sword,
I have made my way through more impediments
Than twenty times your stop: but, O vain boast!
Who can control his fate? 'tis not so now.
Be not afraid, though you do see me weapon'd;
Here is my journey's end, here is my butt,
And very sea-mark of my utmost sail.
Do you go back dismay'd? 'tis a lost fear;
Man but a rush against Othello's breast,
And he retires. Where should Othello go?
Now how dost thou look now? O ill-starr'd
Pale as thy smock! when we shall meet at
This look of thine will hurl my soul from hea-
And fiends will snatch at it. Cold, cold, my girl!
Even like thy chastity.
O! cursed, cursed slave. Whip me, ye devils,
From the possession of this heavenly sight!
Blow me about in winds! roast me in sulphur!
Wash me in steep-down gulfs of liquid fire!
O Desdemona! Desdemona! dead!
Oh! Oh! Oh!

carried in a chair, and Officers with IAGO, prisoner.
Lod. Where is this rash and most unfortu-
nate man?
Oth. That's he that was Othello; here I am.
Lod. Where is that viper? bring the villain
Oth. I look down towards his feet; but that's
a fable.
If that thou be'st a devil, I cannot kill thee.
[Wounds IAGO.
Lod. Wrench his sword from him.
Iago. I bleed, sir; but not kill'd.
Oth. I am not sorry neither; I'd have thee
For, in my sense, 'tis happiness to die.
Lod. O thou Othello! that wert once so
Fall'n in the practice of a damned slave,
What shall be said to thee?
Oth. Why, any thing:
An honourable murderer, if you will;
For nought did I in hate, but all in honour.
Lod. This wretch hath part confess'd his
Did you and he consent in Cassio's death?
Oth. Ay.
Cas. Dear general, I never gave you cause.
Oth. I do believe it, and I ask your pardon.
Will you, I pray, demand that demi-devil
Why he hath thus ensnar'd my soul and body?
Iago. Demand me nothing: what you know,
you know:
From this time forth I never will speak word.
Lod. What! not to pray?
Gra. Torments will ope your lips.
Oth. Well, thou dost best.
Lod. Sir, you shall understand what hath be-
Which, as I think, you know not. Here is a
Found in the pocket of the slain Roderigo,
And here another; the one of them imports
The death of Cassio to be undertook
By Roderigo.
Oth. O villain!
Cas. Most heathenish and most gross!
Lod. Now here's another discontented paper,
Found in his pocket too; and this, it seems,
Roderigo meant to have sent this damned villain,
But that, belike, Iago in the interim
Came in and satisfied him.
Oth. O the pernicious caitiff!
How came you, Cassio, by that handkerchief
That was my wife's?
Cas. I found it in my chamber;
And he himself confess'd but even now
That there he dropp'd it for a special purpose
Which wrought to his desire.
Oth. O fool! fool! fool!
Cas. There is besides in Roderigo's letter
How he upbraids Iago that he made him
Brave me upon the watch; whereon it came
That I was cast: and even but now he spake,
After long seeming dead, Iago hurt him,
Iago set him on.
Lod. You must forsake this room and go
with us;
Your power and your command is taken off,
And Cassio rules in Cyprus. For this slave,
If there be any cunning cruelty
That can torment him much and hold him long,
It shall be his. You shall close prisoner rest.
Till that the nature of your fault be known
To the Venetian state. Come, bring him away.
Oth. Soft you; a word or two before you
I have done the state some service, and they
No more of that. I pray you. In your letters,
When you shall these unlucky deeds relate,
Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate,
Nor set down aught in malice: then, must you
Of one that lov'd not wisely but too well;
Of one not easily jealous, but, being wrought,
Perplex'd in the extreme; of one whose hand,
Like the base Indian, threw a pearl away
Richer than all his tribe; of one whose subdu'd
Albeit unused to the melting mood,
Drop tears as fast as the Arabian trees
Their med'cinable gum. Set you down this;
And say besides, that in Aleppo once,
Where a malignant and a turban'd Turk
Beat a Venetian and traduc'd the state,
I took by the throat the circumcised dog.
And smote him thus. [Stabs himself.
Lod. O bloody period!
Gra. All that's spoke is marr'd.
Oth. I kiss'd thee ere I kill'd thee; no way
but this, [Falling upon DESDEMONA.
Killing myself to die upon a kiss. [Dies.
Cas. This did I fear, but thought he had no
For he was great of heart.
Lod. [To IAGO.] O Spartan dog!
More fell than anguish, hunger, or the sea.
Look on the tragic loading of this bed;
This is thy work; the object poisons sight;
Let it be hid. Gratiano, keep the house,
And seize upon the fortunes of the Moor,
For they succeed on you. To you, lord governor,
Remains the censure of this hellish villain,
The time, the place, the torture; O! enforce it.
Myself will straight aboard, and to the state
This heavy act with heavy heart relate.
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