Act III. Scene I. - Olivia's Garden.
Olivia: "Yet come again, for thou perhaps mayst
move / That heart, which now abhors, to like his love."
Cesario has another private meeting with Lady Olivia
on Duke Orsino's behalf. Sir Toby and Sir Andrew
meet Cesario and Sir Toby learns from Cesario that he
will soon speak with Olivia. In private, Olivia admits
to Cesario that she used the ring she sent after him
to lure him back to her. Cesario tries to put Olivia
off him but she is smitten, ignoring all Cesario's
attempts to diminish her enthusiasm for him...
Cesario (Viola) enters and meets with Olivia's fool,
Feste. The two get along well, so much so that Cesario
rewards Feste with a sixpence, later remarking that
"This fellow's [Feste] wise enough to play the fool,"
(Line 68) adding that "to do that well craves [needs]
a kind of wit:" for "He must observe their mood on whom
he jests, / The quality of persons, and the time, /
Not, like the haggard, check at every feather / That
comes before his eye" (Lines 1-75).
Sir Toby and Sir Andrew arrive, Sir Toby meeting Cesario
and learning that Cesario intends to speak with Olivia,
Sir Toby's niece (Lines 75-96).
Olivia now enters with Maria and once more Cesario
(Viola) gets "his" private audience with Olivia.
Olivia is quite in love with Cesario, hanging on his
every word and asking Cesario's name. Olivia is delighted,
exclaiming "My servant, sir! 'Twas never merry world
/ Since lowly feigning was call'd compliment" (Line
Cesario (Viola) attempts to remind Olivia that he is
here representing the Duke but Olivia would rather listen
to Cesario (Lines 113-120).
Olivia: "I bade you never speak again of him [Orsino]:
/ But, would you undertake another suit, / I had rather
hear you to solicit that / Than music from the spheres."
(I told you Cesario never to speak again of the Duke,
but if you were to court me, I would rather hear this
than the music of the heavens), (Lines 118-124).
Cesario tries to stop this line of conversation, but
Olivia pushes on admitting that the ring she sent Malvolio
to return to him was a trick of "shameful cunning,"
(Line 128) asking what Cesario thinks of this (Line
Cesario's reply is short; "I pity you" he says (Line
Olivia will not be discouraged, arguing "That's
a degree to love" (Line 137).
Cesario disagrees and when "he" again asks
Olivia what she thinks of the Duke, Olivia instead asks
Cesario what "he" thinks of her (Lines 136-152).
Cesario tells Olivia "That you do think you are not
what you are" (Line 153), Olivia replying very ironically
that "If I think so, I think the same of you" not realizing
how right she is (Cesario is not what "he"
is, Cesario is a woman), (Line 154).
Cesario replies that he thinks she is right and Olivia
argues that "I would you were as I would have you be!"
(I wish you were what I would want you to be), (Line
Despite Cesario's increasing malice, Olivia is still
smitten remarking "O! what a deal of scorn looks beautiful
/ In the contempt and anger of his lip" (Line 160).
Cesario now makes it clear that he does not love Olivia
(Lines 172-176) yet still Olivia holds out hope:
"Yet come again, for thou perhaps mayst move / That
heart, which now abhors, to like his love" (Line 177).
Act III. Scene II. - A Room in Olivia's House.
Sir Andrew to Sir Toby and Fabian: "'Slight! will you
make an ass o' me?"
Knowing Lady Olivia will never love him, Sir Andrew
prepares to head for home. The sight of Olivia showing
more affection to a youth (Cesario) than him was the
last straw. Fabian and Sir Toby don't deny the
affectionate display but argue Olivia did it to spur
Sir Andrew to action to woo her and regain her respect.
Sir Toby and Fabian manipulate Sir Andrew into
writing a challenge to the youth (Cesario) even though
they know a fight between the two cowards (Cesario and
Sir Andrew) is unlikely. Maria enters, telling Sir Toby
and Fabian to watch the spectacle that is Malvolio wearing
yellow stockings and being cross-gartered.
Sir Andrew knows a lost cause when he sees one. He
announces to Sir Toby that "I'll not stay a jot longer"
(I'll stay not a moment longer), (Line 1).
Sir Toby demands a reason and Sir Andrew gives it;
"Marry, I saw your niece [Olivia] do more favours to
the count's serving-man [Cesario] than ever she bestowed
upon me;" adding that he saw this in the orchard (Line
Sir Toby has a different explanation as does Fabian
who argues that what Sir Andrew saw was "a great argument
of love in her toward you" (Line 13).
Sir Andrew, almost suspecting the truth, questions
Sir Toby and Fabian, asking, "'Slight! will you make
an ass o' [of] me?" (Line 14).
Fabian and Sir Toby tell him that they will show their
words to be true and Fabian goes to great lengths to
convince Sir Andrew, explaining that when he was young,
Olivia did like Sir Andrew, but now only an act of great
valour or policy will return those feelings (Lines 18-33).
Specifically Fabian explains to Sir Andrew that Lady
Olivia "did show favour [affection / liking] to the
youth [Cesario]" (Line 19), but only to force Sir Andrew
into showing interest in her.
Olivia spoke with the boy to make Sir Andrew jealous,
"to awake your dormouse [dormant, asleep] valour," (Line
21) and to "put fire in your heart, and brimstone in
your liver" Fabian argues (Line 22).
Sir Andrew decides his actions must be "with valour,
for policy I hate:" (Line 34).
Sir Toby agrees, telling Sir Andrew to challenge the
court's youth (Cesario) and to hit him in "eleven places:";
this and only this will get Olivia's attention adding
that "there is no love-broker in the world can more
prevail in man's commendation with women than report
of valour" (Line 37).
Fabian agrees, telling Sir Andrew that there is no
other way (Line 44).
Sir Toby now tells Sir Andrew to write a letter, keeping
it brief but taunting his enemy (Lines 46-59).
Sir Andrew now leaves with a letter to write.
Fabian and Sir Toby discuss their plans. They remark
that neither Sir Andrew nor the youth (Cesario) have
much ability, let alone desire to truly fight (Lines
Maria arrives, telling Fabian and Sir Toby to follow
her come and and laugh at Malvolio, now wearing yellow
stockings and cross-gartered (Lines 74-93).
Act III. Scene III. - A Street.
Sebastian has now reluctantly accepted Antonio as
his companion on the streets of Illyria. Antonio explains
that his offence in Illyria, which was theft, was one
the rest of his city have repaid but he has not and
so he is still wanted in Illyria.
Sebastian decides to sightsee but Antonio fearful
of his enemies, decides to head for lodging at a place
called the Elephant. Antonio gives Sebastian his purse
(wallet) and directions for this lodging and the two
part their separate ways...
Sebastian is walking the streets of Illyria with Antonio.
He decides to no longer chide him because Antonio seems
to make pleasure from his pains (Line 1).
Antonio, for his part, explains that he is needed by
Sebastian, because these streets can be dangerous to
those who do not know them (Lines 4-12).
Sebastian thanks Antonio for his loyalty and asks whether
they should "go see the reliques [relics] of this town?"
Antonio suggests tomorrow, they should find lodging
first. Sebastian, however is not tired, and wishes to
explore the city. Antonio now asks for leave, since
it is dangerous for him to walk in the city of so many
of his enemies (Lines 21-28).
Sebastian asks Antonio, how many men he has slewn [killed],
Antonio explains now that his "offence is not of such
a bloody nature," but that "the quality of the time
and quarrel / Might well have given us bloody argument"
or trouble (Line 32).
Antonio's offence could have been "answer'd in repaying
/ What we took from them [his enemies];" which most
of his city did, but Antonio did not, and so he fears
that he will pay dearly (Lines 32-36).
Sebastian tells Antonio not to walk the streets then,
and Antonio gives Sebastian his purse [wallet], telling
him also to lodge at a place called the Elephant. Antonio
also explains why he has given Sebastian his purse:
"Haply your eye shall light upon some toy / You have
desire to purchase; and your store, / I think, is not
for idle markets, sir" (Line 44).
Act III. Scene IV. - Olivia's Garden.
Malvolio: "'Some are born great,'-", "'Some
achieve greatness,'-" , "'And some have greatness
thrust upon them.'"
Olivia makes plans to once more woo Cesario. Olivia
sees Malvolio with yellow stockings and cross-gartered
and considers him mad since he continues to smile no
matter what the situation and makes crude, lustful interpretations
of Olivia's words. Malvolio makes his famous "Some
are born great" speech.
Learning that Cesario has returned, Lady Olivia
has Malvolio put into the care of her servants since
in her eyes, Malvolio's behavior is some "midsummer
madness." Sir Toby, Maria and Fabian plot to have Malvolio
placed in a "dark room," so they can have some fun with
Sir Andrew arrives with his completed letter challenging
Cesario. Sir Toby decides to scare Cesario and Sir Andrew
about their opponents instead of sending the letter.
Alone with Cesario once more, Lady Olivia makes
no progress with Cesario who will not requit (return)
her love. Olivia is undaunted by this. Sir Toby scares
both Sir Andrew and Cesario into drawing their weapons
on each other.
Antonio arrives, pledging to fight Sir Andrew on
Cesario's behalf who he thinks is Sebastian since
Viola disguised as a man now looks like her twin brother
Sebastian. The fight is stopped but Officers recognizing
Antonio, capture him.
Antonio asks Cesario for his purse back but Cesario
not recognizing him does not oblige. Antonio thinks
Sebastian has betrayed him, not realizing he has asked
Cesario (Viola) for his purse, not Sebastian.
Olivia is making plans for Cesario (Viola); she hopes
that "he" will come at her invitation and
wonders "How shall I feast him?" (Line 2), adding "For
youth is bought more oft [often] than begg'd or borrow'd"
Olivia now asks of the "sad, and civil," (Line 5) Malvolio's
whereabouts and Maria starts to bring her trick on Malvolio
Maria replies to Olivia that "He's coming, madam; but
in a very strange manner" adding that "He is sure [surely]
possess'd, madam" (Line 9).
Olivia wonders if Malvolio is mad by asking "does
he rave?" (Line 10).
Maria replies that Malvolio does not, rather he "does
nothing but smile:" warning Olivia to keep her guard
about her (Lines 11-15).
Olivia calls Malvolio in and asks Malvolio why he smiles;
Olivia sent for him "upon a sad occasion" not a happy
one (Line 21).
Malvolio replies that he could be sad, adding that
the "cross-gartering;" he wears does constrict
his blood somewhat, but if it pleases the eye of Olivia,
it is a small price to pay (Lines 21-26).
Olivia asks what is the matter with him and Malvolio
answers that he is "Not black in my mind [sick]," but
that he is yellow in his legs, drawing attention to
this fact in the hope of alluring Olivia (Lines 29-32).
Now Olivia asks Malvolio "Wilt thou go to bed, Malvolio?"
totally unaware that Malvolio will see this as seduction
Malvolio is enthusiastic, saying "To bed! ay, sweetheart;
and I'll come to thee [you]" (Line 34).
Olivia tells him to "comfort thee!" asking why Malvolio
smiles so much (Line 37).
Maria enters, asking Malvolio why he appears "with
this ridiculous boldness before my lady?" (Line 41).
Malvolio tells her to "'Be not afraid of greatness:'"
and when Olivia asks Malvolio what he means, he famously
"'Some are born great,'-", "'Some achieve
greatness,'-" , "'And some have greatness
thrust upon them'" drawing gasps and criticisms from
Olivia at each phrase (Lines 46-48).
Malvolio now asks Olivia to remember who commended
[complimented] his lovely yellow stockings, Olivia in
shock exclaiming, "Thy [your] yellow stockings!" (Line
53) Malvolio asking Olivia to also remember who "'wished
to see thee [me] cross-gartered'" (Line 56).
Again Olivia repeats Malvolio's words in disgust;
"Cross gartered!" she exclaims (Line 57).
Olivia now is shocked, describing this all as a "very
midsummer madness" (Line 62).
A Servant now enters to announce that the Duke of Orsino's
servant, Cesario has returned. Olivia immediately worries
about Malvolio's behavior, instructing Maria to ensure
her people will "have a special care of him [keep him
occupied]:", lest Malvolio mar Olivia's plans for
the handsome Cesario (Lines 62-71).
Malvolio now ponders all this. Was it not mentioned
in Olivia's letter, that he should appear stubborn
and he remembers the letters advise that he "'be opposite
with a kinsman, surly with servants;'" and he now decides
to be rude to Sir Toby, it is after all Olivia's
wish (Lines 72-94).
Malvolio now insults both Sir Toby and Fabian, who
decide that they will "have him in a dark room, and
bound" (Line 150).
Olivia will not mind; "My niece is already in the belief
that he's mad:" Sir Toby explains (Line 151).
Sir Andrew now arrives showing Fabian and Sir Toby
his challenge to Cesario, adding that "there's vinegar
and pepper in' t" (it is insulting), (Line 160).
Sir Toby reads the challenge and Fabian praises it
for being on the "windy side of the law:" (Line 184).
Maria now informs Sir Andrew that Cesario is now "in
some commerce with my lady [Olivia]," (Line 193).
Sir Toby now plays his part in this farce, telling
Sir Andrew to scout for Cesario in the corner of the
orchard and upon seeing him, to draw and to swear at
Sir Toby: "it comes to pass oft that a terrible oath,
with a swaggering accent sharply twanged off, gives
manhood more approbation than ever proof itself would
have earned him. Away!" (often a terrible threat delivered
with conviction gives a man a more fearful reputation
than if he had earned it), (Line 196).
With Sir Andrew now departed, Sir Toby explains that
he will not deliver Sir Andrew's letter and adds
that "this letter, being so excellently ignorant [unsent],
will breed no terror in the youth:" (Cesario), (Line
Instead, Sir Toby will deliver Sir Andrew's challenge
by "word of mouth;" and he will now report to Cesario
falsely of Sir Andrew's valour and likewise to
Sir Andrew of Cesario's valour (Lines 205-219).
This should "so frighten them [Cesario and Sir Andrew]
both that they will kill one another by the look, like
cockatrices" (Line 218).
Sir Toby, Fabian and Maria depart to be replaced now
by Olivia and Cesario.
Olivia still loves Cesario a great deal, lamenting
that she "has said too much unto [into] a heart of stone,"
(Line 224), yet Cesario continues to tell Olivia to
love her master Orsino instead, even when Olivia asks
Cesario to "wear this jewel for me, 'tis [it is] my
picture;" (Line 231).
Olivia asks "How with mine honour may I give him that
[her heart] / Which I have given to you?" (Line 237)
to which Cesario replies that he will "acquit"
( released or discharged) her of her love..
Olivia despite intense rejection like Orsino will not
"Well, come again to-morrow: fare thee well: / A fiend
like thee might bear my soul to hell", Olivia now
exiting (Line 240).
Sir Toby and Fabian reenter our view and these two
gentlemen greet Cesario, telling him "God save thee
[you]" (Line 241).
Sir Toby now goes on to describe to Cesario that "thy
[your] interceptor [an unlikely Sir Andrew], full of
despite, bloody as the hunter, attends thee [is waiting
for you] at the orchard-end."
Sir Toby warns Cesario to "Dismount thy tuck, be yare
in thy preparation, for thy assailant is quick, skilful,
and deadly" (be prepared, your opponent is deadly),
Cesario, being in reality not a knight but a women
with no training for combat is rightly terrified, telling
Sir Andrew that Sir Toby must be mistaken; no man has
any quarrel with him, certainly none as deadly as this
Sir Toby says otherwise, describing Sir Andrew who
the audience knows to be a coward from Maria as a "knight
dubbed with unhatched rapier," a man who is "a devil
in private brawl:" who is so angry that "his incensement
at this moment is so implacable [unstoppable] that satisfaction
can be none but by pangs of death and sepulchre [tomb]"
Cesario (Viola) tells Sir Toby that "he"
will not fight this man, "I am no fighter" Cesario says,
remarking that he knows of men who create quarrels for
the sake of fighting (Line 267).
Sir Toby replies that Sir Andrew is no such man and
that his "indignation derives itself out of a very competent
injury:" (his anger comes from a very understandable
reason) telling Cesario that he will have to answer
to him if not Sir Andrew should Cesario not fight Sir
Sir Toby now leaves Cesario in the custody of Signior
Fabian who is merely Fabian by a more important sounding
Sir Toby now returns with Sir Andrew who he has also
lied to, talking up Cesario as the very devil; "They
say he has been fencer to the Sophy" (Line 310).
Sir Andrew, now also terrified that he will not have
an easy victory, tells Sir Toby that he will offer his
horse, "grey Capilet" rather than fight this man.
Sir Toby briefs Fabian on how he has told Sir Andrew
how dangerous Cesario is, and now Sir Toby tells Cesario
to draw his sword adding that Sir Andrew has promised
that "he will not hurt you" (Line 335).
Cesario is suitable terrified and Fabio tells Cesario
to give ground if he sees Sir Andrew as furious.
Sir Andrew and Cesario now both draw their swords on
each other with great reluctance and even greater fear...
When Antonio arrives, friend of Sebastian. Antonio tells
Sir Andrew to immediately "Put up your sword" (stop),
(Line 347) telling Sir Andrew that:
"If this young gentlemen [Cesario] / Have done offence,
I take the fault on me: / If you offend him, I for him
defy you" (If this young man has offended you, take
it out on me, if you have offended him however, I will
fight you for him), (Lines 342-344).
Sir Toby and Antonio are just about to fight when Officers
arrive, taking Antonio who is a wanted man in Illyria
into custody (Lines 356-368).
Just before this, Sir Andrew puts up his sword stopping
the fight at Cesario's request (Lines 358-362).
Antonio, now being taken into custody by two Officers,
apologizes that he can not help Cesario (Viola) whom
he thinks is his friend Sebastian. Antonio also regretfully
asks Cesario for his purse back since he will now need
some money to hopefully get himself out of trouble.
Cesario (Viola) does not know what Antonio is talking
about, refusing to acknowledge that Antonio ever gave
"him" a purse.
This causes Antonio immense grief since he now thinks
he has been betrayed (Lines 401-408), and hearing the
name "Sebastian" from Antonio's mouth, Cesario
(Viola) begins to hope her brother might still be alive:
Cesario (Viola in disguise): "Methinks his [Antonio's]
words do from such passion fly, / That he believes himself;
so do not I. Prove true, imagination, O, prove true,
/ That I dear brother, be now ta'en [taken, mistaken]
for you!" (Line 412)
Having witnessed the cowardice of Cesario, Sir Andrew,
Sir Toby and Fabian vow to find Cesario again, Fabian
and Sir Toby being eager to watch further comedy between
the coward Cesario and Sir Andrew...